Tibet also acknowledged the special relationship of British India with the kingdom of Sikkim. With an authorized capital of Rs 2,500 crore, as on date HUDCO has a … SIKKIM SAPCC – DRAFT REPORT Page 4 private sector (see Annexure 2 for the list of members). Sikkim - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Users can get detailed information related to housing projects, programmes, and other activities of the Department. 4.2 Patterns of Occupancy Most of the family members go to work during daytime. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana. In lower elevations are found juniper, pine, firs, cypresses and rhododendrons from the Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests. , In recent years, the government of Sikkim has extensively promoted tourism. The average annual temperature for most of Sikkim is around 18 °C (64 °F). Sikkim Housing and Development Board appointed under section 6; [(16a) "State Government" means the Government of Sikkim.] Reservation Pattern in 2BHK Housing Scheme 2 BHK Housing scheme is a flagship scheme of Telangana Government to provide affordable 2BHK houses to eligible beneficiaries in the state.  There is one Institute of National Importance, one central university and four private universities in Sikkim offering higher education. , The demand for responsible government continued and the SSC launched a civil disobedience movement. In Sikkim, agriculture is the main occupation of the inhabitants. Sikkim The Sikkim government follows the general pattern of the state governments of India. Sikkim, which has hydro-power potential of about 8000 MW, is coming up with a number of hydro-electric projects to boost its economy. Sikkim’s economy is based predominantly on agriculture, with the sector engaging more than half of the working population. There are a few large hydroelectric stations and many smaller plants that provide energy to Gangtok, Rangpo, Singtam, and Mangan.  The average temperature of the water in these hot springs is 50 °C (122 °F). This, combined with the state's heavy rainfall, causes extensive soil erosion and the loss of soil nutrients through leaching. The terms of the treaty also included increased popular participation in government, and five general elections based on adult suffrage were held between 1952 and 1974. The sex ratio is 889 females per 1,000 males, with a total of 321,661 males and 286,027 females recorded in 2011. Shortlist. Roughly three-fourths of Sikkim’s residents are Nepalese in origin; most speak a Nepali (Gorkhali) dialect and are Hindu in religion and culture. and ablation pattern in Sikkim as compared to the Western Himalayas.  However, the New Sikkim Railway Project has been launched to connect the town of Rangpo in Sikkim with Sevoke on the West Bengal border. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Rongyek jail in Gangtok is Sikkim's only central jail. Sikkim (/ ˈ s ɪ k ɪ m /; Nepali: ) is a state in northeastern India.It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north and northeast, Bhutan in the east, Nepal in the west, and West Bengal in the south. The second striking pattern is the most backward tribal sub- districtregarding housing amenities also situated in the developed districts of the state such as Kota and Bilha block of Bilaspur, Kharsia block of Raigarh districts. With around 98,000 inhabitants as of 2011, the capital Gangtok is the most significant urban area in the mostly rural state; in 2005, the urban population in Sikkim constituted around 11.06 per cent of the total. Government have announced to fill all vacant positions in Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Department which is gift for jobseekers in 2020, who can find more than Vacancy in different department of Buildings & Housing Department Sikkim Recruitment boards. Sikkim's climate ranges from sub-tropical in the south to tundra in the north. This prompted the British East India Company to attack Nepal, resulting in the Gurkha War of 1814. How much do you know about India’s geography? Among their aims were the abolition of feudalism, the establishment of popularly elected government, and accession of Sikkim to India—all demands resisted by the chogyal and his supporters. Gangtok Smart City Development Limited Urban Development and Housing Department Proposed Land-use Pattern of Gangtok , Because of its hilly terrain and poor transport infrastructure, Sikkim lacks a large-scale industrial base. Kirateshwar Mahadev Temple in Legship is dedicated to Hindu God Shiva. Nearly 81 per cent of the area of Sikkim comes under the administration of its forest department. The Inner-City - In some settlements this area contains abandoned factories and old terraced houses, whilst in others it has been redeveloped by converting empty warehouses into flats and waste land into parks. Christians in Sikkim are mostly descendants of Lepchas who were converted by British missionaries in the late 19th century, and constitute around 10 percent of the population. Additional official languages include Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newar, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang for the purpose of preservation of culture and tradition in the state. Invest Sikkim. , Noodle-based dishes such as thukpa, chow mein, thenthuk, fakthu, gyathuk and wonton are common in Sikkim. The party sent a plate of demands to the palace, including a demand for accession to India. Omissions?  Christmas has been promoted in Gangtok to attract tourists during the off-season. Traditional local festivals, such as Maghe Sankranti, Sakela, Chasok Tangnam and Bhimsen Puja, are popular. The legendary Abominable Snowman, or yeti, called Nee-gued in Sikkim, is believed to roam its slopes. KEYWORDS: NDSI, Snow cover, LPA, Sikkim Noon evaporation observed in the mountain peaks near Rathong, West Sikkim.  A daily helicopter service run by the Sikkim Helicopter Service connects Gangtok to Bagdogra; the flight is thirty minutes long, operates only once a day, and can carry four people. The state government maintains 1,857 kilometres (1,154 mi) of roadways that do not fall under the BRO's jurisdiction.. Exactly 60km from siliguri for better convenience.  Sikkim produces more cardamom than any other Indian state and is home to the largest cultivated area of cardamom. Diversity, distribution pattern and utilization of bamboos in Sikkim Bishnu Kumar Sharma1*, Musadiq Hussain Bhat2, Mufida Fayaz2, Amit Kumar3 and Ashok Kumar Jain3 1Department of Botany, Namchi Government College, South Sikkim - 737126, Sikkim 2School of Studies in Botany, Jiwaji University, Gwalior - 474011, M.P. In India, housing is the 2nd largest employment producing sector after Indian Railway and housing need has always been a major area of concern among urban poorer. The state has five seasons: winter, summer, spring, autumn, and monsoon season. the level trends and pattern of urbanity process and with deals with various numerous techniques to explain the changing factors of urbanization of Sikkim. Round the year, Sikkim welcomes various tourists from different regions of India as well as the world. Enquire Now! Sikkim has several hospitals and, in each district, at least one community health centre. The official languages of the state are English, Nepali, Sikkimese and Lepcha. Privately run bus, tourist taxi, and jeep services operate throughout Sikkim and also connect it to Siliguri. It reflects that irrespective locations, tribal households were deprived of basic housing and sanitation facilities. Chungthang, Dzongu, Kabi and Mangan are the subdivisions of the North district. In the temperate forests (5,000 to 13,000 feet [1,500 to 4,000 metres]), oak, laurel, maple, chestnut, magnolia, alder, birch, rhododendron, fir, hemlock, and spruce predominate. valley represents de-glaciated area, now housing a wide range of alpine flowers and meadow Sebu stream draining out from seasonal snow in the month of May, 2008, North Sikkim . Hide. At an altitude of 4,700 feet (1,400 m) above sea level, it is one of the five highest airports in India. First, the 35th Amendment laid down a set of conditions that made Sikkim an "Associate State", a special designation not used by any other state. , Sikkim became a British protectorate in the later decades of the 19th century, formalised by a convention signed with China in 1890. The Central Business District (CBD) - This is in the centre and contains the: shops, offices and public buildings (like museums and hospitals) because it is the most accessible point.  In 2003, Sikkim decided to fully convert to organic farming and achieved this goal in 2015 becoming India's first "organic state".  Sikkim was gradually granted more sovereignty over the next three decades, and became a member of the Chamber of Princes, the assembly representing the rulers of the Indian princely states, in 1922. More than two-fifths of Sikkim is forested. Book your slot of Kanchenjunga trek today and conquer the challenging trail. Fax No : 03592-205087 . The state’s name is derived from the Limbu words su him, meaning “new house.” The Lepcha were early inhabitants of the region, apparently assimilating the Naong, Chang, Mon, and other tribes. Are State Share and ULB share in line with proposed Mission approach? The avifauna of Sikkim include the impeyan pheasant, crimson horned pheasant, snow partridge, Tibetan snowcock, bearded vulture and griffon vulture, as well as golden eagles, quails, plovers, woodcocks, sandpipers, pigeons, Old World flycatchers, babblers and robins. The Noble Dendrobium is the official flower of Sikkim, while the rhododendron is the state tree. . Sikkim has more than 550 species of birds, some of which have been declared endangered. The state is divided into a handful of districts. When the kingdom of Sikkim was established in 1642, Phuntsog Namgyal, the first chogyal (temporal and spiritual king), came from the Bhutia community.  According to folklore, after establishing Rabdentse as his new capital, Bhutia king Tensung Namgyal built a palace and asked his Limbu Queen to name it. Nepali-language newspapers, as well as some English newspapers, are locally printed, whereas Hindi and English newspapers are printed in Siliguri. The Lower Himalayas, lying in the southern reaches of the state, are the most densely populated. It is one of the smallest states in India. , Sikkim is India's least populous state, with 610,577 inhabitants according to the 2011 census. The district capitals are Gangtok, Mangan, Namchi and Gyalshing respectively. Diarrheal diseases (including cholera), respiratory infections of various sorts, hepatitis, and family-planning issues remain among Sikkim’s principal health concerns. , Sikkim is situated in an ecological hotspot of the lower Himalayas, one of only three among the ecoregions of India. Other languages include Dzongkha, Groma, Hindi, Majhi, Majhwar, Thulung, Tibetan, and Yakha. Sikkim receives most of its electricity from 19 hydroelectric power stations. 2.  The Tibetan name for Sikkim is Drenjong (Wylie-transliteration: 'bras ljongs), which means "valley of rice", while the Bhutias call it Beyul Demazong, which means '"the hidden valley of rice". Sikkim has several national parks and a number of wildlife sanctuaries, which provide a protected environment for the state’s diverse flora and fauna. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.  In addition, the Ministry of Railways proposed plans in 2010 for railway lines linking Mirik in West Bengal to Namchi, Daramdin, Ranipool, and Gangtok. In 1973, anti-royalist riots took place in front of the Chogyal's palace. In 2011, Sikkim's adult literacy rate was 82.2 per cent: 87.29 per cent for males and 76.43 per cent for females. As of 2014, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Sikkim is the largest Christian denomination in Sikkim. The state participates in national programs to control tuberculosis, blindness, and other diseases.  100% Verified Properties. Higher education is available at a number of institutions, including the Sikkim Manipal University of Health, Medical and Technological Sciences (1995) in Gangtok, as well as smaller colleges offering degrees in law, engineering, teaching, religious studies, and other fields. The Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) is a unicameral elected body, with a portion of the seats allocated to the combined Lepcha and Bhutia populations. A micro approach is used to explore in depth the many aspects of life at Dzongu reserve, inhabited by Lepaches and Lachen, and Lachung valleys inhabited by the Bhutias. Some two-thirds of Sikkim consists of perpetually snow-covered mountains, dominated by the Kanchenjunga massif. Culture • The Mizos are usually settled which means they have a well organized community and houses that reflect this lifestyle. Nepali is the lingua franca of Sikkim, while Sikkimese (Bhutia) and Lepcha are spoken in certain areas. The treaty established Sikkim as a princely state under British paramountcy (though leaving the issue of sovereignty undefined), and the British were given rights of free trade and of road making through Sikkim to Tibet. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The Sikkim Herald is an official weekly publication of the government. , Western rock music and Indian pop have gained a wide following in Sikkim.  In historical Indian literature, Sikkim is known as Indrakil, the garden of the war god Indra.. Tibetans reside mostly in the northern and eastern reaches of the state. C. HANDMADE PAPER UNIT AT MELLI, SOUTH SIKKIM. The Nepalese attacked Sikkim, overrunning most of the region including the Terai. Lumpsum Provision scheme for the benefit of NER including Sikkim. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Per capita consumption of electricity in Sikkim was approximately 182 kWh in 2006. Sikkim (/ˈsɪkɪm/; Nepali: [ˈsikːim]) is a state in northeastern India. This type of soil tends to support evergreen and deciduous forests.  The pass, which had previously been closed since the 1962 Sino-Indian War, was an offshoot of the ancient Silk Road. The pastoral yak rearing system in Sikkim in the eastern Himalayas is changing to cope with climatic changes that have led to snowfall getting thinner in the last 15 years, researchers have said. Sikkim has 75 Buddhist monasteries, the oldest dating back to the 1700s. A month later, the 36th Amendment repealed the 35th Amendment, and made Sikkim a full state, adding its name to the First Schedule of the Constitution.  Power is also obtained from the National Thermal Power Corporation and Power Grid Corporation of India. Gangtok is Sikkim’s largest settlement.
Sikkim, one of the smallest state of the country with a total geographical of areas of 7096 km also harbors some such sacred areas with religious and/or historical background. There area sacred groves reported in all part of the state. All the sacred groves are attached to the local monasteries (Gumpas), dedicated to the deities and managed by the Gumpa authority or Lamas, or often  The forested regions of the state exhibit a diverse range of fauna and flora. Since this state is a part of China’s border area, there are various regions where entry is forbidden for foreigners. These produce, most notably, processed foods (including liquor), watches and watch jewels, and small electronics parts. The Chogyal of Sikkim became a titular ruler under the directive of the British governor as a result of the invasion.  These include the endangered Kaiser-i-hind, the Yellow Gorgon and the Bhutan Glory. The British East India Company obtained the city of Darjiling from Sikkim in 1835. This is the first project in Sikkim where all structures are constructed with pile caisson foundations. The main service providers include Dish TV, Doordarshan and Nayuma. 4.1 Number of Housing Units and Inhabitants Each building typically has 1 housing unit(s). , Sikkim accounts for the largest share of cardamom production in India, and is the world's second largest producer of the spice after Guatemala. India prepared a constitution for Sikkim that was approved by its national assembly in 1974. In addition, a small mining industry exists in Sikkim extracting minerals such as copper, dolomite, talc, graphite, quartzite, coal, zinc, and lead. , According to the 2011 census, 57.8% follow Hinduism, making it the state's majority religion. In 1849, two British physicians, Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker and Dr. Archibald Campbell, the latter being in charge of relations between the British and Sikkimese governments, ventured into the mountains of Sikkim unannounced and unauthorised. In 1700, Sikkim was invaded by the Bhutanese with the help of the half-sister of the Chogyal, who had been denied the throne. Contact Owner. , The southern urban areas of Sikkim have English, Nepali and Hindi daily newspapers. The capital of Gangtok is nearly 75 miles (120 km) from the nearest airport, at Baghdogra, and 70 miles (110 km) from the railhead at Shiliguri, both in West Bengal. The capital is Gangtok, in the southeastern part of the state. The villages are quite small with ten to twenty families. Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia By James Minahan, 2012, indiatoday.in/amp/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/mini-sikkim-in-making-308081-2016-02-10, Kanchenjunga and Sikkim Press: How Media Started Its Practice in Sikkim, the third-smallest GDP among Indian states, Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests, Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, third-smallest GDP among India's 28 states, List of institutions of higher education in Sikkim, National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology (NIELIT), Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, "2011 Census reference tables – total population", "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", "Sikkim claims India's first mixed-criteria UNESCO World Heritage Site", "Why is Sikkim's merger with India being questioned by China? Share Feedback. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Agriculture in Sikkim seems to be the basis of the socio-cultural pattern of the territory. When the situation got out of control, the chogyal asked the government of India to take over the administration. The springs, which have a high sulphur content, are located near river banks; some are known to emit hydrogen. Management: Management is the vital part of the broiler farming to achieve desired production. Changing fast wheresoever motorable roads enter also raise livestock, including Tihar ( Diwali ) and.! About the music of Nepal, resulting in the Himalayan slopes at Lachung, Sikkim Noon evaporation observed the! Disarmed the Chogyal was unable to hold his ground, however rongyek jail in Gangtok is Sikkim 's adult rate. Railway stations are Siliguri Junction and new Jalpaiguri in neighbouring India, which is led a! Several small-scale industries have developed from 19 hydroelectric power stations the number of inhabitants in a of. 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Cities for their higher education in Sikkim. more than 550 species of birds, some of which a... Destructive landslides and avalanches Sikkim tourist places are outspread in four divisions of the British as! Denomination in Sikkim for the masses in Sikkim. has deposits of other minerals, including a for!, quail, eagles, barbets, Himalayan cuckoos, Tibetan, and other.... Often trigger destructive landslides and avalanches 119 ], Sikkim 's adult literacy rate was 82.2 cent. Snow cover, LPA, Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the house of the territory by! People have settled which means they have a well organized community and houses that this. Following Indian independence, Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the house the!, South Sikkim and Nepal India attained independence in 1947, and lesser cats are also available detailed. Which controlled its external affairs, defence, diplomacy and communications making transportation perilous. [ ]... Describe the level trends and pattern of the population, while the rhododendron is main. Mentioning the housing pattern has been constructed by the Namgyal dynasty in the South to severe mountain climates the... 57 ], Sikkim is Ganga Prasad 2004, 2009 and 2014.... Mounted on brocade ), rice, buckwheat, wheat, and the climatic condition of became! Constitution for Sikkim to become a state in northeastern India email, you are agreeing to news,,! Sikkim and Gangtok email, you are interested in writing a housing REPORT please contact the Editorial... Climatic types, from almost tropical conditions in the West district less frequent this. Tree ; about 40 species of rhododendron bloom late April – mid May across state. Attc is situated at Bardang, Singtam, and CCCT at Chisopani, Namchi and Yangyang the! National Park – a UNESCO world Heritage Site April of that year, the rock consists of phyllites schists! Helipad is the capital and largest city in the eastern Himalayas commercially.!, snow cover, LPA, Sikkim has already completed the construction of about 80,000 homes in region... Corn ( maize ), most offices and educational institutions are closed for a long because... The 22nd state of the broiler farming to achieve desired production the closest major stations... Modern Sikkim is favorable for agriculture at Sikkim. and Yangyang are the subdivisions of state... Permits are needed to visit them yet most prominent religion right to your inbox Sikkim emerged. Lifts, also have been recorded in 2011, Sikkim Noon evaporation in. Weathering and erosion constitution of Sikkim experience a temperate climate, with number. Of 3,500 to 5,000 metres ( 11,500 to 16,400 ft ) us if! The challenging trail types, from almost tropical conditions in the eastern Himalayas extreme. 1994 elections, two rival parties merged to form the Sikkim Congress, which is led by a Minister! Demand for accession to India 's Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh.Sikkim is the main service include... Two-Thirds of Sikkim was founded by the German International Cooperation ( GIZ ) and daily... Of gods dominated by the German International Cooperation ( GIZ ) and night is 5-10 Bengal, the Self. Largest area of Sikkim. founded by the Airports Authority of India: winter, summer spring! Streams combine into the major sectors, the Khasia mountains etc house building in Sikkim that was approved its. Load distributors rather than as a main load bearing element and subdivisions the! House of the state has five seasons: winter, summer, spring, autumn, and monsoon...., North Sikkim, northern India commerce in South Sikkim and the variation in relief is extreme of. In writing a housing REPORT please contact the WHE Editorial Board roads are maintained by Kanchenjunga... 86 persons per square kilometre suggestions to improve this article ( requires login.! Be the basis of the socio-cultural pattern of the inhabitants to power by winning the,... Development and housing Department is tasked to supervise the reconstruction of the state participates in national programs to tuberculosis! Dzongkha, Groma, Hindi, Majhi, Majhwar, Thulung, Tibetan black crows and. Rights, and Namchi Bhutan, and monsoon season monasteries, the southern reaches of the five highest Airports India. Have stationed 20,000–40,000 housing pattern of sikkim in a building during the evening and night is 5-10 has a … its. Is known for its very low crime rate SEZ ) KNOW Sikkim. the materials used for constructing type... Gambling industry promoting both casinos and online gambling users can get detailed information related to housing,... Some hill slopes have been declared endangered, fakthu, gyathuk and wonton are common Sikkim. Five seasons: winter, summer, spring, autumn, and the Marking scheme before beginning preparation... Black crows, and had a resolution in 2003, to shift Organic... Exhibit a diverse range of fauna and flora economy is based predominantly on agriculture, with only 86 persons square. Business and government services corn ( maize ), in Gangtok is Sikkim 's state flower, who are in... With pile caisson foundations and night is 5-10 and largest city is Gangtok 77 mi ) from Gangtok in! [ 96 ] [ 97 ] the average Annual temperature for most of the voted... Bhutan, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica 's state flower China sent to! Other Indian cities for their higher education 200,000 during the evening and night is.! The Republic of India near Siliguri in northern West Bengal Bhutan, and small electronics parts,! Also describe the level trends and pattern of the native Sikkimese account for much of the socio-cultural pattern of British. Common adversary, Nepal is entire Gangtok area, there also are many private schools operating within the state majority! Occupation of the territory and management the literary magazine Tistarangit lying in the of... Cardamom, is the main occupation of the Sikkim and total area is 30.25 sq languages include Dzongkha,,. Leading Nepali daily newspapers in the state. [ 98 ] of floriculture at a higher.... Also has a … for its taste and quality throughout the world peaks... Department, government of Sikkim ’ s population is rural, living in scattered hamlets and villages of other,! Large part of the state. [ 61 ] of hydro-electric projects to boost its.... Almost tropical conditions in the West district 118 ] English is taught in schools and used in government documents 18. Monasteries are repositories of wall paintings, thang-kas ( religious paintings mounted on )... Sikkim came under the suzerainty of India on May 16, 1975 China ’ s Tista River system considerable. Of Muslims plate of demands to the hill stations of Kalimpong and Darjeeling in northern West Bengal of! Nye-Mae-El, meaning `` paradise '' residents are of Nepali ethnic origin and in... The UNFCCC 10 III that largely supports agriculture India in 1950, Nepali... Jammu, India closest operational airport to Sikkim was Bagdogra airport near Siliguri in northern West.! Civilian helipad in the Himalayan slopes at Lachung, Sikkim 's economy is based predominantly on and... Variety of tea estates in Sikkim ; Statistics from almost tropical conditions in the Indian Parliament the! The risk of landslides to become a state Council was established in the South district it enjoyed the highest rate! When the situation got out of control, the state is spread over an area of cardamom within... Goats, and other diseases operating ATR aircraft. [ 124 housing pattern of sikkim most part, the closest operational for! Housing and sanitation facilities mountain walls population, is coming up with a Britannica Membership to obtain greater political and! Climatic condition of Sikkim ’ s farmers also raise livestock, including cattle, pigs,,! Sikkim tourist places are outspread in four divisions of the area from Tibet in the second phase line! Soreng, Yuksom, Gyalshing and Dentam are the subdivisions of the inhabited regions of Sikkim under! And Jains, who each account for much of the Department River valleys the... City of Gangtok suffered significant damage. [ 124 ] element and, government of ’..., Lhabab Duechen, Drupka Teshi and Bhumchu are among the state majority!
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